Islamic rules emphasise

To the adoptive family that they are not taking the place of the biological family — they are trustees and caretakers of someone else’s child.

Their role is very clearly defined, but nevertheless very valued and important.
An adopted child retains his or her own biological family name (surname) and does not change his or her name to match that of the adoptive family.

Thailand, France and Ethiopia

All have adoption legislation that enables retaining the legal recognition of the family of origin whilst creating a new relationship with adoptive family. Such adoptions are called simple adoptions.


Ethiopian adoption legislation states,
Addis Ababa 4th Day of July, 2000 Chapter 10
Article.181. — (2) Effects. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 182, an adopted child shall, for all purposes, be deemed to be the child of the adopter.
Article. 183. — Relationship of the Adopted Child with the Family of Origin.
1) The adopted child shall retain his bonds with the family of origin.
2) The same shall apply to the spouse and the descendants of the adopted child Federal.

Negarit Gazette of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia The Revised Family Code

.The Revised Family Code – Refworld

French: adoption simple

Simple adoption  is a type of adoption which allows some of the legal bonds between an adopted child and his or her family to remain. It is formalized under articles 343 and following of the French Civil Code.
Simple adoption is less restrictive in its requirements and less radical in effects than plenary adoption.


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